There are a number of pipe fittings in various small sizes and in different shapes used, to make up the piping systems in any application. The fittings are made from a whole range of metals depending upon the specific requirement. Although the Butt Welding Fitting Manufacturer would have a standard range from which the customers can choose, when the requirements could be special and specific, then the order is placed for the particular specification and quantity.
The List of Butt Welded Fittings
As mentioned, there are a number of fittings that come under this category of butt welded pipe fittings, including:
- Elbows: There are three further types, 90˚long radius, short radius and the 45˚ radius elbows
- Tees: Equal Tees and Reducing Tees
- Reducers: Again, there are two types, concentric and eccentric
- Return Bends
- Stub-Ends or Stud ends
The customer generally has the complete piping design and will have to work out the requirement of each of the butt welded fittings and their individual numbers or quantity of each and also come to a conclusion on the exact material in which the fitting are to be supplied.
Material of Construction or Steel Type and Grade
As mentioned, there is a huge range of steel varieties such as, Stainless Steel in a variety of grades; Carbon Steel, again a huge range of grades; Alloy Steel, there is a range here also. Besides, the special metals in which the butt welded pipe fittings can be procured are: Nickel, Copper, Brass, Bronze, Aluminium, High Speed Steel, Zinc, Lead, and many more. So the procurement process involves the customer doing all the homework and specifying the material of construction, particular grade of the metal, the type of fittings as seen above and the quantity of each fitting, the size in which one can get these fittings, starting from 1/4” (normal bore, NB) right up to 32” NB in Seamless & Welded condition. Finally, the wall thickness will also have to be mentioned.
From the side of the Butt Welding Fitting Manufacturer, there will be a lot of pre order exercises. The first action would be for the buying department to check the availability of the raw materials and consumables needed to fulfil the requirement of the prospective customer to be in a position to meet the delivery schedule. Once this is done, then the costing has to be worked out and conveyed to the customer for them to consider and confirm the order.